Brigadier General Frank J. McSherry was an engineer who served as a general during World War II. He is
best known for being the chief deputy of The Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory (AMGOT), where he helped set
up an Allied government and deal with civilian affairs in Italy.
Before becoming chief deputy of AMGOT, McSherry
held various other roles in the military. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, McSherry joined the American
Expeditionary Forces, the portion of the US army fighting WWI in Europe, and served as a lieutenant. At the beginning of World
War II, he served in various war agency, and in 1942, he was sent to Algeria to help assist the American military government
McSherry's real fame came when the Allies invaded and conquered Sicily. McSherry served as chief
deputy of AMGOT, which was set up to govern Sicily, and later, other parts of Italy. McSherry and the rest of the Americans
received a warm welcome in from the Sicilians, who were not fond of the conditions they endured under the Italian fascist
government. With the help of McSherry, AMGOT restored basic freedom and granted food and medical supplies to the people of
Sicily. As the Allies liberated more parts of Italy from the fascists, AMGOT took control of more Italian cities. McSherry
reported the conditions of Naples right after the Allies took it from the Nazis: The water supply was extremely limited, the
electrical system was destroyed, and there was a severe lack of transportation methods. Luckily with the help of AMGOT and
McSherry, services were able to quickly be restored.
McSherry was also
part of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), where he directed and organized military governments
of various territories other than the ones AMGOT controlled, such as France, Germany, and Austria. This was an extremely difficult
task for McSherry, as these countries were devastated by the destruction of World War II, and unpredictable events such as
failure to conquer a certain territory meant that plans often had to be changed. The sheer size and population of Europe made
it complex for McSherry to organize all the military governments at once, as each region of Europe had different levels of
destruction. For his service for working in the SHAEF, McSherry was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal in 1945.
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Awards for Frank J. McSherry." Hall of Valor. Military Times. Web. 25 May 2010. <http://militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=27289>.
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