4, 1943 – French troops take Corsica. Corsica becomes the first French territory to be freed from
October 9, 1943 – Major General Basilio J. Valdes signs our papers.
October 19, 1943 – Conference of Moskow.
November 9, 1943
– 44 nations sign United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Association pact.
November 15, 1943 – Heinrich Himmler
orders all Gypsies to concentration camps. An estimated 500,000 will be killed before the end of the war.
1943 – The Battle of Tarawa begins in the Pacific as American troops attack the Gilbert Islands.
November 22, 1943 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill, and Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek meet at the Cairo Conference, to discuss the war in the
Pacific against Japan.
General Henry S. Aurand signs our papers.
1943 – General Franklin Martain signs our papers.
November 28, 1943 – The Teran Conference is Iran is attended by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
Among the major topics discussed, a second front in Western Europe, resulting in D-day, the invasion of Normandy's beaches
on June 6, 1944.
13, 1944 – Edward C. Belts signs our papers.
March 22, 1944 – Japan invades India
March 30, 1944 – Nuremburg Raid
Raids on Berlin begin
1945 – War ends
July 4, 1946 - Mass Murder of
Jews takes place Kielce Poland 1
July 14, 1946 – General Alexander Papagos
signs our papers.
July 25, 1946 – an atomic bomb is tested underwater. At 8:34 a.m. local time, Bikini Atoll
in the Marshall Islands a underwater atomic bomb was detonated in “Operation Crossroads”, a test conducted by
the United States Navy.
1Kielce was a small town in Poland that contained a large majority of successful Jewish people.
Tension began to grow tremendously between the Jewish community of Kielce and other Polish inhibitors for many years. Through
Poland gaining independence, all the way up until World War II, hatred towards to Jews began to escalade. Just days before
our paper was signed on July 14, 1946, a devastated massacre was committed, killing off the Jewish population of Kielce.
Before the days of Polish independence, anti-Semitism was only expressed verbally but not acted upon. Jews were only
publicly criticized in the local newspaper called the “Gazeta Kielecka”. Articles were published claiming the
Jewish people were taking over the town. These articles also claimed that the Jews only lived off of others and were “parasites.”
However, as Polish gained independence, the new government was greatly anti-Semitic.
As the idea of independence
became popular in Poland, a man named Jeronski also became popular. Jeronski was a Lawyer who became known among the Jews
as extremely anti-Semitic. When Poland’s independence was being debated at the Russian House of Representatives, Jeronski
was the delegate from Kielce. Jeronski stated in a declaration that the Polish people would accept self-rule only in the Jews
were forbidden the right to vote. He went on to say that the Jewish people were over populating and if they were allowed to
vote then Polish character would be lost.
Unfortunately, after the First World War anti-Semitism grew from being
just verbal to real action. Generals blamed the Jews for their defeat in the war. With Poland’s newfound independence,
it was acceptable to beat and embarrassed Jews. This form of hatred and disrespect remained until World War II. As the Nazi’s
invaded Poland, they found that a majority of Poles disliked the Jews as much as they did. The Holocaust had devastating affects
on Poland and the Jewish people occupying it.
As World War II can to a conclusion, Holocaust survivors began moving
back to their hometowns. However, Kielce was not widely accepting of them. Hatred towards the Jews was still very prominent
in the town. Anti-Semitism had been thriving in Kielce for years and years. On July 4, 1946, rumors that Jews had stolen a
Christian child spread throughout the town. The rumors caused a mob of Polish people who brutally killed 42 Holocaust survivors.
This massacre was incredibly heart wrenching and devastating to people who had already gone through so much. Even though the
Holocaust had come to an end Jews were still attacked his hatred.
Although 9 people were executed for this crime,
the idea of these gruesome murders still linger. It greatly affected Polish and Jewish relations and ultimately sparked the
emigration of about 100,000 Polish Holocaust survivors. Ceremonies are held every year on July 4 in Kielce, Poland.