Harold Roe Bull was born in Springfield,
Massachusetts on January 6, 1893. Bull graduated from the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York in
1914. Shortly after, he was enlisted in the American Expeditionary Forces, which were American forces sent to Europe
during World War 1 in attempts to assist the British and French allied forced against the Axis powers. After his return,
he became an infantry instructor and graduated from military colleges in the early 1930's.
Following his graduation, Bull proceeded to acquire several jobs and positions in the military. Between 1938 and 1939,
he served as Secretary of the General Staff of the War Department. In 1941, he was titled a Brigadier General and an
Assistant Commanding General of the 4th Division. A year later, Bull was assigned to be the Assistant Chief of Staff
(G-3)at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Forces (SHAEF). Later, in 1944 Bull became the Commanding General
of the 4th Division, as well as Chief of Operations of SHAEF. Bull also attained the rank of Chief of Staff of the United
States Forces European Theater (USFET).
If it was not for Harold R Bull and his staff, the D-Day invasion on Normandy, France may not have been
as successful. This is because Bull's team of meteorologists helped forecast the unsteady weather on June 6, 1944. Dwight
Eisenhower used this information to plan the invasion. He believed the Germans would never expect a naval attack on
a day with such stormy weather and used Bull's staff's forecast to decide on when to launch. Eisenhower's hypothesis
was correct and the Germans were caught off guard that morning. Thanks to Bull, this was a successful Allied attack on the
surprised and unprepared German forces.
During the late 1940's and early 1950's, Bull started training soldiers and became a Commandant
of the National War College. Bull soon retired in 1952 and died twenty-four years later on November 1, 1976.